To enable the syntax color highlighting you MUST copy the gvimrc file to your home directory. This will also put the "Syntax" Menu with gvim command. You can click on Syntax Menu and select appropriate languages like C++, Perl, Java, SQL, ESQL etc..
cd $HOME cp /usr/doc/vim-common-5.3/gvimrc_example ~/.gvimrc
" This line is a comment .... one which begins with double-quotes " The best is the bold font, try all of these and pick one.... set guifont=8x13bold "set guifont=9x15bold "set guifont=7x14bold "set guifont=7x13bold " " Highly recommended to set tab keys to 4 spaces set tabstop=4 set shiftwidth=4 " " The opposite is 'set wrapscan' while searching for strings.... set nowrapscan " " The opposite is set noignorecase set ignorecase set autoindent " " You may want to turn off the beep sounds (if you want quite) with visual bell " set vb " Source in your custom filetypes as given below - " so $HOME/vim/myfiletypes.vim
To see the list of available fonts on Linux/Unix see the command xlsfonts. Type -
bash$ xlsfonts | less bash$ xlsfonts | grep -i bold | grep x bash$ man xlsfonts
You can change the settings like color, bold/normal fonts in your $HOME/.gvimrc file. It is very strongly recommended that you set the background color to lightyellow or white with black foreground. Ergonomics says that best background color is lightyellow or white with black foreground. Hence change the variable 'guibg' in your $HOME/.gvimrc file as follows:
highlight Normal guibg=lightyellow
The sample gvimrc from /usr/doc/vim-common-5.3/gvimrc_example is as follows:
" Vim " An example for a gvimrc file. " The commands in this are executed when the GUI is started. " " To use it, copy it to " for Unix and OS/2: ~/.gvimrc " for Amiga: s:.gvimrc " for MS-DOS and Win32: $VIM\_gvimrc " Make external commands work through a pipe instead of a pseudo-tty "set noguipty " set the X11 font to use. See 'man xlsfonts' on unix/linux " set guifont=-misc-fixed-medium-r-normal--14-130-75-75-c-70-iso8859-1 set guifont=8x13bold "set guifont=9x15bold "set guifont=7x14bold "set guifont=7x13bold " " Highly recommended to set tab keys to 4 spaces set tabstop=4 set shiftwidth=4 " " The opposite is 'set wrapscan' while searching for strings.... set nowrapscan " " The opposite is set noignorecase set ignorecase " " You may want to turn off the beep sounds (if you want quite) with visual bell " set vb " Source in your custom filetypes as given below - " so $HOME/vim/myfiletypes.vim " Make command line two lines high set ch=2 " Make shift-insert work like in Xterm map <S-Insert> <MiddleMouse> map! <S-Insert> <MiddleMouse> " Only do this for Vim version 5.0 and later. if version >= 500 " I like highlighting strings inside C comments let c_comment_strings=1 " Switch on syntax highlighting. syntax on " Switch on search pattern highlighting. set hlsearch " For Win32 version, have "K" lookup the keyword in a help file "if has("win32") " let winhelpfile='windows.hlp' " map K :execute "!start winhlp32 -k <cword> " . winhelpfile <CR> "endif " Hide the mouse pointer while typing set mousehide " Set nice colors " background for normal text is light grey " Text below the last line is darker grey " Cursor is green " Constants are not underlined but have a slightly lighter background highlight Normal guibg=grey90 highlight Cursor guibg=Green guifg=NONE highlight NonText guibg=grey80 highlight Constant gui=NONE guibg=grey95 highlight Special gui=NONE guibg=grey95 endif
You can set some of the Vim properties in Xdefaults file.
WARNING: Do not set Vim*geometry as it will break the gvim menu, use Vim.geometry instead.
Edit the $HOME/.Xdefaults file and add the following lines:
! GVim great Colors. Vim*useSchemes: all Vim*sgiMode: true Vim*useEnhancedFSB: true Vim.foreground: Black !Vim.background: lightyellow2 Vim*background: white ! Do NOT use Vim*geometry , this will break the menus instead ! use Vim.geometry. Asterisk between Vim and geometry is not allowed. ! Vim.geometry: widthxheight Vim.geometry: 88x40 !Vim*font: -misc-fixed-medium-r-normal--20-200-75-75-c-100-iso8859-15-*5 Vim*menuBackground: yellow Vim*menuForeground: black
xrdb -merge $HOME/.Xdefaults man xrdb
You can also edit the ~/.gvimrc file to change the background colors
gvim $HOME/.gvimrc The best background color is lightyellow or white, with black foreground. highlight Normal guibg=lightyellow